Lifelong Learning Programme

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.
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Lifelong Learning Project - School Inclusion - Preventing Early School Leaving

Database of Publications

TITLE OF THE PUBLICATION:

Status of the risk of drop-out in the Brussels region

SURNAME AND NAME OF AUTHOR(S):

Benoît Galand et Virginie Hospel (UCL – University of Leuven) in collaboration
with various authors (FBPSU - Belgian Forum for Urban Safety and Prevention)

PUBLISHER:

Study funded by the Ministry of the Brussels Capital Region

PLACE AND DATE OF PUBLICATION:

Brussels - December 2011

TYPE OF PUBLICATION:

Research

LANGUAGE/S OF PUBLICATION:

French

LANGUAGE OF REVIEW:

English

DESCRIPTION OF CONTENTS:

This study objects to a deterministic reading of drop-out: the family situation as well as
the frequency of socio-cultural activities really are risk factors, but mainly through
the influence they would have on other dimensions.

For the authors, the drop-out is a process which appears gradually and whose warning
signs appear by school disengagement and absenteeism.

Four risk factors are clearly distinguished in the analysis:
- the value attributed to academic learning (relevance, importance and interest which
the student give to school)
- low involvement in class (lack of investment)
- the intentions of the friends of the student to leave school
- consumption of alcohol, cigarettes or marijuana reported by the student.

The study shows that the students most at risk of drop-out are those which cumulate
these four risk factors and those with an advanced school demotivation.


Moreover, the survey results support the idea that the risk of drop-out is related to the
school system functioning.

COMMENTS ON THIS PUBLICATION:

The authors tried to understand the dynamics of school drop-out by a survey conducted
during the school year 2010-11, with 3,716 students of third secondary of Francophone
Brussels schools.

The questionnaire is intended to be broad: the perception of family and school
environment, pedagogical practice in classroom and discipline management, motivation
for school, school career, health, peer relationships, etc.

The researchers wanted to better understand the way students perceive and experience
their school environment, to identify indicators that could guide the drop-out prevention.

As a result of the study, working meetings were held with local actors to promote a
participatory pedagogy for students who start to drop-out, develop enhancement tools
of the school from kindergarten, ...

NAME OF COMPILER:

Martine PRIGNON

NAME OF INSTITUTION:

AEDE-EL

ROLE:

Consellor



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15 November 2012

[email protected] at the Future of Education Conference

The [email protected]ool projet will be presented at the third edition of the “Future of Education” international conference, held in Florence, Italy, on 13 - 14 June 2013. Over 250 participants from all over the world will attend the conference. The conference participants belong to the sectors of higher education, school education, vocational education and training as well as adult education, therefore representing all of the target groups of the [email protected] project.

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